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尊尚官网网页版【hopfung888.com.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。陵水杀俚培训学校(原葫芦岛蕴撞科技有限公司)成立于1992年,占地面积68966平方米,神州足球网开户其中生产厂房占地7897平方米,仓库面积占地7396平方米。固定资产3725万元,流动资产4303万元,干部职工共593人,工程技术人员28人。尊尚官网网页版ZhangXiaojiLongGuoqiang,ProjectTeamon"BasicThinkingofthe11thFive-YearPlanandLong-termGoalsof2020",2005Inthenext5-15years,China’’speacefuldevelopmentwillhaveamajorinfluenceon,withincreasinglyhigherdependenceonexternalmarketsandresources,howtohandleitsrelationswiththeinternationalcommunityandcreateamatureexternalenvironmentwillbeofvitalimportancetoChina’’’sdevelopment(1)Theworldeconomywillbeinaperiodofcyclicupswingduringthe11thFive-YearPlanInfluencedbytheITrevolutionthatbeganinthe1980s,theworldeconomyin2010willcontinuetobeinaperiodofcyclicrising(researchonthetheoryofeconomiccyclesindicatethatduetotheinfluenceofmajortechnologicalrevolutionsindifferenthistoricalperiods,theworldeconomyfluctuatesroughlyinacycleof40-60years,whichcanbedividedintotherisinganddecliningperiods).Thegrowthoftheworldeconomyduringthe11thFive-YearPlanwillbehigherthanthatduringthe10thFive-YearPlanandlargelyatthesamelevel()ofthesecondhalfofthe1990s.(2)ThenewtechnologicalrevolutionwillcontinuetopushforwardglobaleconomicdevelopmentandindustrialrestructuringforaconsiderabletimetocomeThewaveoftheglobalITrevolutioninthe1990sspurredarapidglobaleconomicdevelopment,,developedcou,majorbreakthroughswouldpossiblybemadeandbturingandoutwardindustrialtransfersofdevelopedcountries,whichwillbefavorableforChinatotapitsfollow-upadvantagesandpromoteitseconomicstructuralupgradingandeconomicdevelopmentthroughopeninguptotheoutsideworld.(3)TradeliberalizationwillcontinuetoadvanceAmoreliberalworldtrad,China’sexportoftext,andasaresultthedistortionoftheinternationalmarketoffarmproductswillbecorrected,whichwillbeconduciveforChinatoraisethecompetitivenessofitsfa,worldtradecancontinuetomaintainafairlyfastgrowththankstotheinfluen,Euro,China’sfreetradearrangementswithASEANandotherinvolvedwillbringevenmoretradeopportunitiesanddevelopmentspace.(4)Cross-borderindustrialtransferwillbringnewopportunitiesThewaveofthenewtechnologicalrevolutionwillspurdevelopedcountriestoquickenindustrialrestructuring,andtheirtraditionalmanufacturingindustry,thecapital-andtechnology-intensiveheavyindustriesandsomeofthemanufacturingsectorsof’smarketscalecontinuestoexpand,thecountryisattractingmoreandmoreinvestmentfromtheforeignmanufacturingindustryandthecountrycontinuestoenjoytheadvantageofhigh-qualityandlow-costRDpersonnel,transnationalcompaniesarebeginningtospreadtheirRDactivitiestoChinaandtheestabli,cross-bordertransferofserviceindustriesfromdevelopedcountrieshasalsobecomeatrendwithoutsou’sdevelopment(1)TheuncertaintyofthedevelopmentoftheUSeconomyTheUnitedStatesclaimsone-thirdofthetotalworldeconomy,anditsd,,includingthe"doubledeficits"(the),anageingpopulation,thedifficultiesrelatedtopensionsystem,andth,,,,Chinahastradedeficitswithallm(2)TheinstabilityoftheinternationalfinancialsystemInrecentyears,thehuge"doubledeficits",,,itwilldrasticallydevalueChina’sforeignexchangereserves,whichwillbeahugelosstothecountryfo,greatshockstoChina’sexports,itsbalanceofpayments,itsindustrialrestructuringandevenitsfinancialsecurity.(3)TradeprotectionmeasuresarebecomingdiversifiedRecentyearshavewitnessedeconomicstagnation,risingunemploymentandfactorcosts,an,tradeprotectionismreareditsheadintheformofprotectingtheenvironmentandthelaborrights,andsomecountriesdeliberatelyraisedtechntradepartnerswillnoteasilyrecognizeChina’sstatusasamarketeconomy,China’sexportproductswillbemorepronetobeaffectedbynewtradebarriers.,China’%,,,China’sGDPgrowthratehasseenrisefortwoconsecutiveyears,jumpingabove8%from7-8%.TheindexeshFromJanuarytoNovember,theyear-on-yeargrowthoffixedassetinvestment(excludingurbanandruralcollectiveandindividualinvestment)%,,,,%.Butpushedbytheupgradeofconsumptionstructure,theannua,%.Afterthepricefactorisdeducted,%,,,urbanresidentsspent525yuanoncommunicationandtelecommunication,%;482yuanondwelling,%.Thegrowthratesunderthesetwoitemsareobviouslyhigherthanthetotalconsumptionexpenditure(%forthefirstthreequarters).Itindicatesthatthedwellingandtravelingarebecomingmoreandmoreofconsumption"hotspots".;andthecharacteristicsofheavyindustrybegintoemergeFromJanuarytoNovember,thefourindustries–electronictelecommunicationequipmentmanufacturing,communicationandtransportationequipmentmanufacturing,electricmachineryandmetallurgymanufacturing–,%oftheindustrialgrowth,,,whichwereayear-on-yeargrowthof33%%,makingChinathefirstcou%ofthetotalindustrialaddedvalue,(%)ce1998hasbeenfurtherintensified,indicatingthatChina’istics,,%inwhich,%;,%;,%.TheexportsurpluswiththeUnitesStatesandsomeEuropeancountrieshascontinuedtoincrease,,,Japan,RepublicofKoreaandChina’sTaiwanProvincehavegraduallymovedtheirplantsthatpr,butsomeup-streamproductssuchascoal,electricity,oilandtransportationareinshortsupplyAsthedomesticmarketismoreactiveandtheexportgrowsfaster,,,,coal,electricity,oilandtransportationfacedinsufficiencysupply,bringingthe"bottleneck",thecoalinventorydirectlysuppliedtothepowerplantswasdecreasedbynearly20%.Somemajorsteelplantsan,,,thedailyrailwayrequestincreasedfrom130,000carsinthefirsthalfoftheyeartoabout200,000cars,butthedailynumberofloadedcarscouldonlyreachabout95,,andthegrainandfoodpricesstartedtoriseStatisticsshowthatthegrainoutputin2003was860billionjin,areductionof164billionjincomparedwiththatof1998,whichisfarcryfromtheannualgraindemand–930billionto970billionjin(Thetotalconsumptionmaybecalculateddifferentlyduetothedifferentfiguresforfarmers’grainconsumption).Asaresult,,%(%);%(TheJanuary-Novemberindexwas3%).,theindexwasupby3%(TheJanuary-Novemberindexwas1%).’economicreturnsobviouslyincreasedAccordingtoinitialestimates,,thetotalrevenueincreasedby260billionyuanoverthepreviousyear,whichwasagrowthof12%.Theenterprisesabovedesignatedscaleearned800billionofprofits,whichwasagrowthof40%.lyexpandedBytheendofSeptember,%;,,%bytheendofDecember;,,,,,,andimportsgrewrapidly,,,,。

    LiShantong,HouYongzhi,LiuYunzhongHeJianwu,Departm,2005Aftertwodecadesorsoofrapideconomicdevelopmentsincethebeginningofreformandopeningup,,Chinawillhaveimportantstrategicopportunitiesforitsecono,overcomethedifficultiesinadvance,solvetheproblemsarisingfromdevelopmentandmaintainrapideconomicgrowth,itseconomicstrengthanditsoverallnationalstrengthwillmternal,’se,wetriedtogiveabasegrowthscenarioinlightoft,thebasegrowthscenarioanalyzesdevelopmenttrends,,,inwhichtheeconomy,society,resourcesandtheenvironmentwilldevelopinacoordinatedmanner,inkeepingwiththerequirementsofthescientificconceptofdevel"risk"scenario,whichwillgivemorecursionChinaC,thispaperhypothesizedsomeexternalfactorsandsimulatedvariousscenariosofChina’seconomicgrowthandstructuralchangesfrom2000to2020inlightoftheuniquefeaturesofthegrowthandstructureoftheChineseeconomyanddevelopmenttrends(seeTable1).Insimulatingvariousscenarios,wealsohypothesizedthegrowthtrendsofpopulationandlabor,theprocessofurbanization,thegrowthrateofgovernmentconsumptionandthetotalfactorproductivity(TFP)[1]Whatweneedtoemphasizeisthatwealsodesignedthepreferenceoftechnologicaladvance,which,theshareparametersfortheproductionfunction(includingthecoefficientofintermediaryinputs)arealltdevelopmenttrend,thelaborforcewillcontinuetomovefast,humanresourcesaccumulationandtechnologicaladvancewilllikelybringaboutanincrementaleffectofscale,systemreformswilldeepenfurther,thereformofthefinancialsystem,thetradesystem,theinvestmentsystemandthestate-ownedenterpriseswillpromoteamorerationalandeffectivea,expectedtoreachabouence.[2]ThesavingsbehavioroftheChinesepeoplewillunlikelychangedramaticallydurinthescientificconceptofhuman-oriented,all-round,coordinatedandsustainabl’,ssystems,thestrongerrolesofthemarketinresourceallocation,thevigorousadvanceinrestructuring,,wefurtherhypothesizedthattheindustrialstructurewouldbefurtherupgraded,andthereformofthesystemsandruleswouldpromotearapiddevelopmentoftheserviceindustry(especiallytheproductiveserviceindustry),furthermarket-orientedreformswouldstraightenoutthepricesofvariousresources(includingenergy),rationalizetheallocationofresourcesandi,wehypothesizedthatthepreferenceoftechnologicaladvanceandthechangesintherateofintermediaryinputswouldfurtherfavorthec,theintermediaryuseoftheserviceindustryandthehigh-techindustriesbyvarioussec,theTFPgrowthrateoftheserviceindustrywoul,armindustrieswouldbefast.LiShantong,HouYongzhi,LiuYunzhongHeJianwu,Departm,2005Aftertwodecadesorsoofrapideconomicdevelopmentsincethebeginningofreformandopeningup,,Chinawillhaveimportantstrategicopportunitiesforitsecono,overcomethedifficultiesinadvance,solvetheproblemsarisingfromdevelopmentandmaintainrapideconomicgrowth,itseconomicstrengthanditsoverallnationalstrengthwillmternal,’se,wetriedtogiveabasegrowthscenarioinlightoft,thebasegrowthscenarioanalyzesdevelopmenttrends,,,inwhichtheeconomy,society,resourcesandtheenvironmentwilldevelopinacoordinatedmanner,inkeepingwiththerequirementsofthescientificconceptofdevel"risk"scenario,whichwillgivemorecursionChinaC,thispaperhypothesizedsomeexternalfactorsandsimulatedvariousscenariosofChina’seconomicgrowthandstructuralchangesfrom2000to2020inlightoftheuniquefeaturesofthegrowthandstructureoftheChineseeconomyanddevelopmenttrends(seeTable1).Insimulatingvariousscenarios,wealsohypothesizedthegrowthtrendsofpopulationandlabor,theprocessofurbanization,thegrowthrateofgovernmentconsumptionandthetotalfactorproductivity(TFP)[1]Whatweneedtoemphasizeisthatwealsodesignedthepreferenceoftechnologicaladvance,which,theshareparametersfortheproductionfunction(includingthecoefficientofintermediaryinputs)arealltdevelopmenttrend,thelaborforcewillcontinuetomovefast,humanresourcesaccumulationandtechnologicaladvancewilllikelybringaboutanincrementaleffectofscale,systemreformswilldeepenfurther,thereformofthefinancialsystem,thetradesystem,theinvestmentsystemandthestate-ownedenterpriseswillpromoteamorerationalandeffectivea,expectedtoreachabouence.[2]ThesavingsbehavioroftheChinesepeoplewillunlikelychangedramaticallydurinthescientificconceptofhuman-oriented,all-round,coordinatedandsustainabl’,ssystems,thestrongerrolesofthemarketinresourceallocation,thevigorousadvanceinrestructuring,,wefurtherhypothesizedthattheindustrialstructurewouldbefurtherupgraded,andthereformofthesystemsandruleswouldpromotearapiddevelopmentoftheserviceindustry(especiallytheproductiveserviceindustry),furthermarket-orientedreformswouldstraightenoutthepricesofvariousresources(includingenergy),rationalizetheallocationofresourcesandi,wehypothesizedthatthepreferenceoftechnologicaladvanceandthechangesintherateofintermediaryinputswouldfurtherfavorthec,theintermediaryuseoftheserviceindustryandthehigh-techindustriesbyvarioussec,theTFPgrowthrateoftheserviceindustrywoul,armindustrieswouldbefast.10-200米ZhangJunkuoZhaoHuaiyongTheestablishmentandimprovementofsocialcreditsystemisaprerequisiteforimprovingthesocialistmarketeconomicsystem,tem,thegovernmenthasanimportantroletoplay,thatis,totimelyenactvarrelatingtocredittransactions:theissuanceofcredit;themanagementandcontrolofcreditrisks;thedisclosureandserviceofcreditinformation;orkandservicesystemrelatingtotheabovethreekindsofactivities,thatis,,theestablishmentandimprovementofthecreditinformationdisclosureandservicesyste’scurrentpracticalsituation,thecreditinformationdisclosureandservicesystemarethemostlaggingbehindandlacking,,itisrecommendedthattheestablishmentoflegalframeworkrelatingtocreditinformationdisclosureandserviceaeactivitiesmainlyinvolveslawsandregulationsinthreeaspects:lawsandregulationspromotingthedisclosureofcreditinformation;lawsandregulationsrelatingtotheprotectionofcreditinformation;andlawsandregulDisclosureTomakecreditinformationpublicaccordingtolawandtoreasonablygatherandtoutilizesuchinformationfairly,informationreflectingthemainmarketcreditsituationmainlycomesfromthefollowingthreeplayers:thegovernment;theothertransactionparties;,andthereforethegovernmentdepartmentsasindustrialandcommerceadministration,customs,taxation,publicsecurityandjudicialdepartmentsisanimportantsourceandcomponentofcreditinformation,anditisofcriticalimportancefortheconstruction,creditinformationpossessedbythegovernmen,thebasiclegislativeprincipleshouldbe:Makingpublicgovernmentinformationisageneralprinciple,anditisanexceptionifsuchinformationisnotmadepublic;an,,consideringthefactthatenactmentoftheGovernmentInformationDisclosureLawinvolvesmanydepartmentsandneedtoproperlyhandlecomplicatedrelationships,itisadvisabletoenactlegislationonthedisclosureofenterpriseandpersonalcreditinformationpossessedbythegovernmentorganizations,toenacttheRegulationsontheDisclosureofGovernmentCreditInformationasanexperiment,andthenena,informationofenterprisesandprivateindividualsandinformationaboutbusinesspartnersgatheredduringbusinessactivitiesallfallintothecategoryof"privateproperty",,therearefewspeciallawsmandatingthatenterprisesandindividualsmustmakepublictheirowninfor’ssituation,creditinformationaboutindustrialandcommercialenterprisesandindividualsintheirbusinessactivitiesandoccupyanextremelyimportantpositionintheconstructionofsocialcreditsystem,thereisaneedtoformulatespecialrulesandregulationsgoverningfinanChina’spracticalconditions,thefollowingthreeprinciplesshouldbereflectedandobservedinestablishingthemechanismbywhichthefinancialinstitutionsmakepublictheclients’information:theprincipleofvoluntariness;theprinciplecombiningtheprotectionofcustomers’rightsandinterestsandthepunishmentforcreditbreach;formationprotectionandguaranteeofinformationflowcontradictwitheachother,andlawsmu,atthetimeofenactinglawspromotingthedisclosureofinformation,relevantlawsrelatingtoinformationprotectionmustalsobeenactedandimprovedsoastoensurethatprivacy,,,toaddclausesonprivacyprotectionintheGeneralPrinciplesofCivilLaw;Second,toenactthePrivacyLawtoexpresslydefinethescopeofprivacyandlegalliabilitiesforinfringinguponprivacy;Third,toclearlystipulateintheGovernmentInformationDisclosureLawthatthedisclosureofgovernmentinformationshouldnotincludeprivacy;andFourth,toaddrelevantclausesoninfringementuponcitizens’,thelegalframeworkontheprotectionofcommercialsecretsshouldfollowtwoprinciples:first,tostrengthentheprotectionofbusinesssecretsofenterprisesthroughlegislation,andsecond,toregulatetherelationshipbetweentheprotectionofcommercialsecretsandinformationdisclosure,thatis,atthetimeofeffectivelyprotectingcommercialsecretsofenterprises,realizereasonabledisclosureofenterprises’,thefirstthingistoenact,assoonaspossible,theLawontheProtectionofCommercialSecretstoexpresslydefinethescopeofcommercialsecretsandthelegalliabilitiesforinfringingcommercialsecrets,thesecondthingistoexpresslystipulateintheGovernmentInformationDisclosureLawthatthedisclosureofgohemanagementneeds,China’sexistinglawsandregulationsontheprotectionofStatesecretshaveanoutstandingproblem,thatis,,ontheonehand,unhelpfultotheeffectiveprotectionofStatesecrets,andontheotherhand,fsecretsis,inessence,,itisanurgenttasktosortoutandmodifythe"RulesontheScopeofSecrecy"madebyvariousdepartmentssoastobettersuittheneedsfordevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    战神娱乐场体育DingNingningForthecurrentstageofChina’seconomicdevelopment,,allthefinancialindicatorsofthepostalservicedeclineddr,thepostalservicefacesthecriticismfromthecompetitorsintheopenedse,itwillfurtherweakenthepostalservice’thepostalservicehavetoconsideritsimpactonsocialandpoliticalobjectivesHowtopromotethelong-termdevelopmentofChina’rmofapublicservicesectorpopsup,manypeopletendtotake"monopolybreakup"astheonlypropercourse,,tHarmonyisrealized,,th,apostalrouteneitherprohibitsotherpeoplefrompassingthrough,nor,therefore,,ofall,themonopol,mostofthepostalservicesinvariouscountriesevolvedfromthedeliverysystemofofficialdocuments(forexamplethecourierstationsinancientChina).Itwasonlyaftertheemergenceofcontemporarynationalistcountriesthatthepostalservicebeganassumingtheresponsibilityofdeliveringlettersforallcitizensandthusbecomingapublicservice(publicproduct),thepostalservs,theexclusiveright(monopoly)tooperatethebasicbusinessofthepostalservice(suchasdeliveryofletters),su,thereformofthepostalserviceshouldemphasizegreaterfinancialtransparencyandstrongerpublicsupervision(especiallyfromthecustomers).Nevertheless,,,thepostalservicenaturallyextendsitsexclusiveoperatingright(monopoly)tonewareassuchasbulkparceldelivery,specialdelivery,he,thereformofthepostalservicemustfirstofalldefinewhatisthebasicbusine’sexclusiverighttooperatethebasicbusiness,itsexclusiveoperatingrightintheareaofexpandedbusinessshouldberevokedsothatthepostalenterprisescanactivelyparticipatein,onetypicalmistakewasthatChinaonlyexcluded"personalletters"whenitopenedinternationalexpressmailservice(seeitem4onthepartorallofthebusinessthatcanbedonebyagencyinArticle16ofChapterIVoftheRegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaontheAdministrationofInternationalFreightShippingAgencypromulgatedonJune29,1995).Thisertainweightastheprotectedareaofthepostalservice’eMarketMovingfromtheplannedeconomytothemarketeconomyisasetgoalforChina’,thedivisionofl,theadvantageofthemarketistoincreasethemicroeconomicefficiencyofenterprisesthroughcompetitionanditwasthegovernment’,theexcessivenationalpolicyonnationalizationandwelfareintheWesterncountries(mainlyinEurope)ledtoadeclineineconomicviabilityandadrasticincreaseingovernmentburden,ompetition,butalsoaffectedthepublicservicesector.Source:ResearchDepartmentofTechnologyandEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil:QuestionnaireonSurveyofSmallandMedium-SizedTechnicalEnterprisesshouldhelpfundtheprojectsintheperiodsofexperiment,licationresearch,trialproductionandmassproduction(table1).,theoverallinnovationcapacityofChina’ssmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesisnotstrong;thetechnologiesinnovatedbythemselvesareveryfew;and,theyhaveveryfewprojectsintheperiodofbasicandapplicationresearch,,theyneedarelativelysmallamountoffundsforbasicanproductionisgreat,,thedependenceofen,mostoftheprojectsthatareintheperiodsofexperimentaldevelopmentandpilot-planttestareinadifficultpositionwheretheydonothaveen,governmentfunding,thoughunabletomeetalltheirdemand,,experimentaldevelopmentandpilot-planttest,mostenterprisesbe,,nearlyhalfenterprisesbelievethatdiscountloansarethebestwayoffunding(table2).DingNingningGeYanfeng,,2005ThesocialproblemsarisingfromChina’,includingtheimpactofinternaraduallyevolvedfromthe“twoguarantees”(the“twoguarantees”refertotheguaranteeofbasiclivingexpensesforlaid-offworkersandtheguaranteeofbasiclivingexpensesforretiredworkersandtoensureatimelyandfullpaymentoftheretirementpensions)tothe“fivebalancedaspects”(The“fivebalancedaspects”are:balancingurbanandruraldevelopment,balancingdevelopmentamongregions,balancingeconomicandsocialdevelopment,balancingdevelopmentofmanandnature,andbalancingdomesticdevelopmentandopeninguptotheoutsideworld).Thecoreoftheprinciplew,oneimportanttaskforthe11thFive-YearPlanistoidentifythemainsocialproblems,the,,thelistcanbeaverylongone:SARSepidemic,AIDS,Falungongcult,groupgambling,prostitution,drugabuse,stealing,robbery,gangfighting,humantrafficking,officialcorruption,unemployment,resettlementcompensation,genderimbalance,hospital-patientcontradiction,agriculture-relatedproblems,urbanpoverty,risingcrimerate,massincidents,frequentmineaccidents,wideningincomegap,difficultyinuniversitygraduatesemployment,schoolingofmigrantworkers’children,,theproblemsofpensions,medicalcareandeducationhaveincreasedsociety’,theChineseeconomyhasbeeninastateof“deflation”sincethe1997Asianfinancialcrisis,andthegovernmenthashadtorelyontheproactivefinan3,,itisnotdifficulttos,cyofmicroorganizations,excessincomeinequalityviolatestheprinci,thesocialsecuritysystemisamajormeasureandthelastdefeeb,,r2010,theproport,themigrationoflargenumbersofyoungruralpeopletotheurbanareasinthecourseo,thecontinuousindustrialandeconomicrestructuringinthecourseofrapidindustrializationwi960whenDanielBellpublishedhis“AdventofPost-IndustrialSociety”,theWesternworldhadnotonlybeentroubledbyfiercecla,thepos,veattitu,Chinaoncerealizedrelativelyfullemployment,,weshouldrealizethatfullemploymeessenceaprocessinwhichcapitalandtechnologycontinuetoreplacelaborandinwh,thepopulationofthewholeofEurope,includingthewesternpartofRussia,,China’eencreatingseveralmillionjobseachyearthepr,themigrationtotheurbanareasoflargeamountsofsurplusrurallaborarisingfromcontractingproductionquotastoh,itwillbeimpossibletorealizefullemploymentinthesenseofWesterneconomicsin,theemphasisofthegovernmentpoliciesduringthe11thFive-YearPlanshouldbeplacedonfurtherremovingtheobstaclestothepeasantworkersaspiringtoworkintheurbanareas,increasingthetransparencyoftheurbanlabormarket,expeditingthenetworkingofinformationoftheemploymentservicecentersacross,theemphasisshouldbeplacedonin,popularizingcompulsoryeducationshouldbetakenasalong-termpolicytopromoteemploymentandthepeoplewithjobsshould,theunemploym“employercompensation+socialrelief”shouldconstitutethestartingpoisothattheywillnotlosehopeforandconfidenceinthefuture.尊尚官网网页版重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,laringproblemsstillexistReformandconstructionofthesocialntsandbasic,medicalinsuranceandunemploymentinsuranceaswellasworkinjury,individualunitswerethetargetsofthesecurityfunds,,thetargetsburdensandhethereconomicentitieswithdifferentownershipsandfacilitateslabormobilitywhileplayingapositiveroleinprotectingworkers’,n,,denearly40millionretireesfromcompaniesandgovernmentinstitutions,’,medicalcareandunemploymentinsurancesconstituteabout30%ofthestaff’utesabout10%fitabilityofcompanies,,ahighratehastobemaintainedtoachieveincomeege,,therevenuesfromretirementinsurancesinenterprisesacrossthecountryhaven’tenoughtomeetexpendituresevenwhentheaccountsareempty,,withthedefinitionofbeinglaidoffandbeingunemployedbecomingthesame,,eightprovincess,andtheinsurancefeesareimpossiblyfurtherraised,tomaintainthecurrentsocialsecuritystandardwillsub,ithastolowerlevelsofsocialsecurity,,mostplaceshavemanagedtoachieveincomeexpenditurebalancewithitssocialinsurancefund,,theincomeexpenditurebalanceisachievedattheexpenseofmanypeople’,onlythosewhocanaffordthefeescansubscribetotheinsuranceo,currentincomeexpenditurebalanceisonlyachievedinthefundraisedfromthesociety,,andit’,insurancebuyersandmedicalcareservi,apartfromtheissueofevadingtheinsurance,theproblemswithprematureretirementagainstrulesa,theprominenti,non-insurancesubscribersand,manylocalitieshaveimposedaceilingonthet,ithasbroughtaboutintensifyingdisputesbetweenhospitalsandpatients,,theseveralmajortypesofsocialinsuranceshaveallbeenmiredintosuchastate:ifmanagementisloose,therewillcertainlyappearlotsofspeculativeactivitiesleadingtoaggravatedfinancialdifficulties;ifmanagedstrictly,adminis,thesemajorsocialinsurancesystemshaveatoolowleveloffundplanningandforthesameitemofinsurance,therearedifferentsystemsco-existing(forinstance,inretirementinsurance,thereisaninstitutionaldifferencebetweencompaniesandgovernmentinstitutions.),,problemsintheabove-mentionedthreeareasareenoughtodescribeitsdifficultsituation....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.WuJinglianResearchReportNo093,2004FromApril6-18andMay27-28,mycolleaguesandImadeasurveyinninecountiesofZhejiangProvincetostu,andwith20years’rapideconomicgrowth,ZhejianghasnowreachedthemiddleincomelevelwithapercapitaGDPofoverUS$2000,,underthenewsituation,Zhejiang’seconomy,whichdevelopedonthebasisofinstitutionaladvantagesaswellaslow-endandlow-pricelabor-intensiveproducts,,privateeconomiesofthecoastalareas(especiallytheprovincesofJiangsu,GuangdongandFujian),goodbasisofexternaleconomicrelations,and,withgradualemergenceofthediversifiedeconomicownershipsysteminthecentralandwesternregions,theadvanarningthattheprovinceis"laggingbehindGuangdonginspeed,Shanghaiinquality,Jiangsuinexported-orientedeconomy,andlater-developingprovincesinpotentials".Inaddition,theoverallintegrationofthedomesticmarketwiththeinternationalmarketandshortagesinenergy,landandfreshwaterallcontributetocreateagravethrea,:;my;’seconomydevelopedthroughlabor-intensiveprocessingindustries,whoseproductsarecharacterizedbylowend,smalladdedvalue,lowprofit,,clothesandbuttonsthatusedtoprosperinWenzhou,theadvancedareaofZhejiangProvince,,peopleinthepolitical,academicandenterprisecircleshavealreadyreachedconsensusthatZhejiangwillnothavea,theproblemiswhataretherightroadanddirectionforZhejiangtofollowinupgradingitsindustriesHistoricalexperiencesofeconomicdevelopmentofothercountriestestifythatthisisacrucialis,economicdevelopmentofadvancedindustrialcountriesfromagriculturaltodevelopedindustrialeconomiesmaybedividedintothreehistoricalstages,namelythepre-takingoffstage,,theybasicallyadoptedthreedifferentgrowthmethods(changesingrowthmethodsandgrowthtypesweresummarizedfirstbySamuelsoninhistextbookEconomics,pp1316-1358,Economics(Version12),ChinaDevelopmentPublicationHouse,Beijing,1992).Inthepre-takingoffstage,economicdevelopmentmainlydependsoninputofnaturalresources,,economicdevelopmentlargelyrelieso(In1931,"HoffmanEmpiricalTheorem",whichbelievesthatheavyindustrieswillincreasin,industrializationofAmericanandEuropeancountriesdidnotfollowthis"theorem"in20thcentury.)Withthisgrowthmethod,economicdevelopmentislargelyrestrictedbyresourcerestraints,andlargeinputsofphysicalcapital(constantcapital)willinevitablyleadtoeconomicandsocialpr,duringthemoderndevelopmentstage,namelythemiddle-andlate-stageofindustrialization,theadvancedcountriesturnedtoamodernizationmethodsmainlybasedontheaccumulationofhumanresources(knowledgecapacity),,theenginethatpushedeconomicdevelopmentwasserviceindustryintheearly20thcentury,ofEastAsiancountriesinthelate20thcenturytookazigzaggedroadisthattheywerenotabletochangetheirearlydevelopmentmetho,theleadingopinionsinZhejiangstressedonfollowingtheroadoftheadvancedcountriesintheinitialdevelopmentstage,nstage,"weak",andthusproposedthatZhejiangshoulddevelopheavyindustriescoveringbasicrawmaterials,electricity,petrochemicals,smelting,heavymachinery,automobileandshipbuildingindustriesatveryfastspeed,soasto"upgradetheindustriesconsistingmainlyoflightidentifyingmanufacturingtothoseconsistingmainlyofheavymanufacturingindustries"(IdentifyingZhejiang’sFeaturesintheAgeofHeavyIndustries,ZhejiangDaily,19March2004).AlthoughZhejianghasalongdevelopmenthistoryofserviceindustries,andsomeenterpriseshaveachievedgoodresultsinthedevelopmentofinformationindustryoverthepastfewyears,manyenterprisesarestillont,theextensivedevelopmentmethodsofhighinput,highconsumptionandlowemploymenthavequicklyrevealedtheirdefects....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GeYanfengResearchReportNo073,2004Atpresent,thefundamentalwayforcompulsoryeducationinruralareastogetoutofpredicamentliesonlyinanoverallreadjustmen,thecentralgovernmentisresponsibleforoutliningtheobjectivesandplansforbasicdevelopmentandforsettingoutteachingsystem,contentsandcriteriainaccordancewiththeLawofCompulsoryEducationandtheotherrelevantrulesandregulations,whilethegrass-rootsgovernments,particularlythegovernmentsatthecountylevel,shallassume,onthewhole,isinco,thecoreofthereadjustmentoftheresponsibilityrelations,somepeopleareoftheopinionthatthecentralgovernmentshouldincreaseitsinput,andthereareevenloudvoicescallingonthecentralgovernmenttodirectlyassumetherespon,however,itisunrealisticforthecentralgovernmenttodirectlyassumetheresponsibilityfortheinputofcompulsoryeducationortodealdirectlywiththe,000countiesorcounty-levelci,,itapparentlydoesnotworkforthecentralgovernmenttodirectlyassumetheresponsibilityfortheinputofcompulsoryeducationortodealdirectlywiththe,evenifthecentralgovernmenthasobtainedenoughaccuratefundamentalinformation,itdoesnotconformtothegenerallawofgovernmentadministrationforthecentralandcounty-levelgovernmentstodirectlysharetheirresponsibilitiesbybypassingthegovernmentsatlevelsbetweenthem,,afeasibleoptionistograduallyturnthecurre,theoverallresponsibilityoftheprovstodevelopcompulsoryeducation,,therearenotonlydisparitiesofdevelopmentfromregionstoregionsinChina,,itisindeednecessarytoenhancetheresponsibilitiesoftheprovincialgovernment,theprovincialgove,theprovincialgovernmentsarefarmorepowerfulfinanciallythanthegovernmentsatthecountylevelbytrais,therearenottoomanygovernm,thefinancialrelationsamongthegovernmentsbelowtheprovinciallevelhavedirectlyreachedthecountylevelinmostprovinces,,itisalsofeasibletoenhancetheresponsibil,thecounty-levelgestablisharelativelycentralizedinputsystemdoesnotmeanthattheco,asgrass-rootsgovernments,itistheunshakableandbasicresponsibilityforthecounty-levelgovernmentstoorganizeanddevelopthefundamentalsocialundertaking,includingcompulsoryeducation,whic,compulsoryeducationisasocialundertakingthatmustbedecentralized,asitinvolvestheconstructionandmaintenanceofschoolbuildings,thedisbursementofsalariesoftheschoolstaff,,thereexistoperationaldifficultiesifthegrass-rootsgovernmentsdonotassumetheirinputrespo,areasonablemechanismofsharinginputresponsibi,thereareroughlyeveltothoseatthelowerlevelandevendire,theitem-specificresponsibility-sharingmodelhighlightsmorestandardizedandclearerresponsibilitiesofoneanother,averagefinancialexpenditurebyeachstudentincludealessworkloadandabette,themodeloffixed-quotasubsidiesbeadoptedattheinitialstageofbuildingthesystem,whilethegradualtransitiontotheitem-,eachprovincefirstofallshoulddeterminethestandardoffinancialexpenditurebyeachstudentunderthepreconditionofensuringthepaymentofteachers’salaries,thenormaloperationofschoolsandthemoderatedevelopmentofcompulsoryeducationinlinewiththeobjectives,theamountofsharedquotabytheprovincialbudgetmaybefixedinaccordancewiththene,astandardizedreadjustmentmechanismwillbeestablishedinlightofthegrowt,aneventualmovetotheitem-specificsharingm,thecentralgovernment’sresponsibilitiesforcompulsoryeducationshouldbematerializedisharelativelycentralizedinputsystemdoesnotmea’sresponsibilitiesshouldbemoredemonstratedthr,byenhancingthegeneraltransferpayment,thebasicfinancialcapabilitiesoftheprovincialgovernmentsmustbeensurehtoomanyaccidentalfactors,thecentralgovernmentcan,apartfromenhancingthebasiccapabilitiesofvariouslocalitiestoensurethedevelopmentofcompulsoryeducationthroughthesystemofgeneraltransferpayment,setasideamallamountofpurpose-specificfundstoaddresspossibleunexpeLuZhongyuan,,ertheNext5-15YearsThankstohardworkinthefirstfouryearsofthe10thFive-YearPlan,,thepercapitaGDPislikelytosurpass1,,theeconomicrestructuringhasneverbeensoactive,nsaregraduallybecomingsound,ingroot,whichwillofferascientificguidetotheoveralleconomicandsocialdevelopment,however,heenvironmentThiswillbethemostprominentcontradictionconfrontingChina’,theeconomyisgrowinginafastandsustainedmannerandisinanewroundofgrowth,theaggregateamountoftheeconomyisvidinevitabl,theextensivemodeofgrowth,characterizedbyhighinvestment,highconsumption,lowoutputandlowefficiency,ispushingupthecostofecon,theyareproblemswiththeextensivemodeofeconomicgrowth,’sscientificadvanceanditseconomicconstructionhasnotbeenfundamentallysolved,andthelowtechnologicalcontentsimpeconomicgrowthTheincompletemarketeconomyhasbeentheunderlyingreasonofthelowqualityofChina’,thereformoftheinvestmentsystemislaggingbehind,whichisharmfulbothtoimprovingtheeconomicefficiencyofinvestmentsthroughthemarke,thefinancialandtaxsystemsarenotstandard,whichisharmfultoremoving,thefinancialsystemisunsoundandthefinancialparametersaredistorted,whichisharmfultooptimizingandupgradingthedomest,theuse-costoftheenvironmentandresourcesistoolow,whichmakesitdifficulttoformthecorrespondingmechanismstostimulateandcontrolthesubstitutionandconservationofresources,thereisnostandardandlong-termmanagementsystemfortheallocationoflandresources,which,politicalreformsarelaggingbehindeconomicones,whichtendto,butthedevelopmentofsocialundertakingsislaggingbehi,,China’ssocial,theallocat,theexistingpublicfinanceandsocialcoordinationmechanismareinadequatetocopewiththenewchallen,thetrendofpopulationdevelopmentisgrave,exertinganenormouspressureonsustainabledev,thepoverty-strickenpopulationgroupsareexpandin,diversesocialcontradictionswillinevitablyaffectsocialstabilityandcohesivedevelopmentiftheallocationofpublicserviceresourcesisnotproperlyadjusted,thesocialsecuritysystemisdefective,thenon-governmentalorganizationsaretooweak,thechannelsfortheexchangeofpublicopinionarenotsmooth,zationforallocatingoffactorsThegrossimbalanceinregionaldevfreerflowoffactorsofproductionandacersufficient,theintensityofthetransferpaymentfromthecentralfinancetotheunderdevelopedregionsisnotstrongenough,theregionalpoliciesarenotfullyplayingtheirexpectedrolesinmakingupformarketflaws,andtheinfrastructurefacilities,self-developmentcapacitiesandwelfarelevelsoftheunderdevelopedregionsarebadlyinneedofimprovementandenhancement.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以HanJun,XieYang,XiaoJunyan,CuiXiaoli,YuBaoping,PanYaoguoLuoDan,,2005Intermsofpurposes,theconsumerdemandforgraincomprisesfourparts:food,feed,,thetotalgraindemandforayearshouldmeetthefollowingequation:thetotalgraindemandfortheyear=graininventoryatbeginningoftheyear+grainproductionoftheyear+netgrainimportoftheyear–workoutt’srelevantdata,thisreportwillanalyzethefeaturesandtrendsofthechangesinChina’’sConsumerDemandforGrainChina’sgrainstatisticsmainlycovercereal,,beansandtubersaccountedforabout11-13percentofthecountry’,however,grainstatisticscovercerealoutputonly,,,thestructureofcerealconsumptionhasundergonemajorchangesSince1990,,reofthedemandforcereals.、尊尚官网网页版用户至上博乐36PTSKY招财蟾蜍游戏ZhaoJinpingResearchReportNo076,’sFTAPracticeandInternationalExperienceSinceChinaproposedtoestablishaChina-ASEANFTAatthe"10+1"conferencein2000,initialprogresshasbeenmadeinpromotingbilateralFTArelations,w,ChinaandASEANreachedconsensusontheofficiallaunchofth,thetwosidessignedaframeworkagreementinNovember2002andreachedagreementontheearlyharvestpro,theywillbecometheworld’slargestfreetraderegion,whichismadeupofdevelopingcountries,,,China’smainlandandHongKong,thetwocustomsterritoriesareholdingconsultationsona"CloserEconomicPartnership"arrangement(CEP).LaunchingFTAnegotiationsbeoninparticipatingineconomicglobaliz’seconomicdevelopmentandstructura,themoveisoflong-term,,JapanandSoutheastAsia,China’,conventionalexperienceshowsthattherolesplayedbyFTAinpromotingtheeconomicgrowthofmembersisindirectproportiontothescopeofFTAcoverageandthat,political,culturalandethnicissuesmayallbecomethe"bottlenecks",thescopeofliberalizationsharedbyallpartiescanonlybethe"commondivisor",manycountriesprefera"fromtheeasytothedifficult"approachwhentheytrytoestablishFTA,’sFTAnegotiationswithASEANasawholela,ifthenegotiationsaretoproduceexpectedresults,establishFTAwithASEAN,whi,Japantriedtoreacha,consensuscanbeachievedinestablishingacomprehensivesystemcooperationrelationshipandalltheareasofpossiblecooperationcanbecoveredsoastoleaveroomforselectingappropriatecontents,,specifyinginadvancethecontentsofpossiblebilateralcooperationinthemultilateralframeworkagreementcanpavethewayforselectingappropriatecooperationpartnershipandordero,thebilateralprocessbetweenJapanandSingapore,,thebenefitreapedbyJapancouldbean"addition"ofthebenefitsembodiedinallbilateralFTAs,insteadofa"commondivisor".Second,therelevantFTAtheoriestellusthatbecauseoftheeffectoftradetransfer,theexpansionofinter-regionaltradeandinvestmentactivitieswillhelpincreasetheoverallefficiementsmayreplaceextra-regionalhigh-efficiencycommodi,whiletheestablishmentofaFTAbetweendevelopedanddevelopingcountriesmayenabletheindustrialproductsofthedevelopedcountriestoenterthemarketsofthedevelopingcountriesmoreeasily,thecompetitiveproductsofthedevelopingmemberscanobta,thiswillhelpthedevelopingcountriestoabsorbtheindustrialtransferandinvestmentfromthedevelopedcountriesandhelppromotetheresour,whichhasbeenperformingwellintrade,investmentandeconomicdevelopmentsinceitjoinedtheNorthA,SingaporeandtheleadingSoutheastAsiancountriesareeagertoestablishFTAwithJapan,theUnitedStates,Australia,,itenjoitsowncomparativeadvantagesandabsorbthecapitalandtechnologyfactorsfromcooperationpartnerssothattheycancomplementeac,selectingFTAtargetsandsettingdifferentcombinationprioritiesisanelementaryworkforacountritha"fromtheeasytothedifficult"approachandproceedingfromtheperspectivesofeasingdomesticpressure,,mainlybecausedoingsocanavoidthepossiblepressureoftheotherparty’sagriculturalproductsonitsown,simplybecauseitwantedtoavoidthedisadvantageswhentheproductsofJapaneseenterprisesentertheMe,JapanwantedtotakeadvantageofMexicobeingbothaNAFTAmemberandalsoasignatorytotheFTAagreementwiththeEuropeanUnionsoastocreateconditionsfortheproductsoftheJapanese-’sselectionoftheRepublicofKoreaasitsnextpartnerwasdesignedmainlytocontainChina’sinfluenceandtoplayaleadingroleinregionalaffairswhilepursui,,theRepublicofKoreahasdramaticallyoppositeseasonswithChileandassuchChileanagric,ChileisbothamemberoftheSouthernConeCommonMarketandasignatorytoanFTAagreementwiththeEU,whichmadeitnecessaryfortheRepublicofKoreatotakemeasurestoensurethatKoreanenterpriseswillnotsufferlosseswhent,theRepublicofKoreawantedtotakeadvantageofitsownsuperio,Japan,,itwantstobecomeaproductionbasethathaszerotarifflinkswithallthesemajormarkets,toattractd,Chinaisa,Chinahasnotworkedoutawholesetofwell-definedstrategiesandpriorityarrangementsforregionalmultilateretrendandrolesofregionaleconomicintegrationandhasnotestablishedanationalstrategicresponsesysteminkeepingwiththedevelopmentofthesituation....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijin,,hinaSince1980s,thereformofthemonopolyindustrieshasbecomeaninternationaltrend,whichisinthedirectionofrelaxingcontrolrefertothoseindustrieswhichhavecertaincharacteristicsofnaturalmonopolyandatthesametimealsohaveverydistinctivefeaturesofadministrativemonopoly;suchindustriesprimarilytaketheformoflarge-scalewhollyState-ownedorproprietaryadministrativecompanies(orcompetentauthorities),mainlyincludingelectricpower,telecommunications,railway,civilaviation,,Imeantobuildanewframeworkwhichtakestheenterprisesinamarketeconomyenvironmentastheb’smonopolyindustriesisconcerned,itisevidentthatrelaxingcontrolisfarfromenough;toputitcorrectly,whatisoftoppriorityisnotthematterofcontrol,,inthefirstplace,,apartwhichprovidesinfrastructureandholdsanextraordinarilyimportantpositionineconomicoperation,ifsuchindustriesaredissociatedfromthemarketeconomy,themarketeconomywilldefinitelybeincomplete,,itcanonlybecalleda"semi-marketeconomy".ViewedfromthepracticalexperienceofChina’seconomicreform,thereformoftheState-ownedenterprisesinthemonopolyindustrieshasthelatestolyindustriesisnotputintoeffect,theobjectivesofstrategicrestructuringofnationalecono,thepressureonthereformofthemonopolyindustriesmostlycomesfromthe"bottlenecks"ineconomicgrowthandpeople’sdissatis,"bottlenecks",the"bottleneck"constraintstakeplaceinsuchbasicindustriesasenergyresources,rawmaterials,traffic,omsofrawmaterialssuchassteelproductsandnon-ferrousmetals,theoveralltensioninthecoal,electricpower,oilandtrafficindustries,ns,suchasenormousdemandandlongcycleofinvestmentinbasicindustriesandinfrastructure,,State-ownedenterprisesinsuchindustriescannotmakeactiveandproperresponsestothedemands,whichcanbeclearlyseenincomparisonwiththequickresponsesmadebynon-State-ownedenterprisesinotherindustriestothemarket;ontheotherhand,sincetheseindustriesare,toarelativelygreatextent,subjecttoadministrativemonopoly,itisdifficultforoutsid,whenshortofsupplygivesrisetosevere"bottlenecks",itisjustthetimesuchproblemsaslowefficiencyandcorruptionaremosteminent,andconsequently,thegeneralpublic’"railwaywagons""eliminatetheunsteadyandunhealthyfactorsinthecourseofeconomicgrowthbydeepeningthereform","justification"forreform,thentheincreasingpressureinrealityconstitutesthe"urgency",althoughthesetwoconditionsdoexist,thereformofthemonopolyindustriesisstillconfrontedwithmanyobstacles,orinotherwords,’monopolyindustriescanbedividedintofourlevelsinprinciple:1.ThechoiceofoperationmodeThekeystoneistobreakdowntheadministrativemonopoly,introducecompetitionintosuchlinksasmayallowofcompetition,andestablishastableconnectionbetweennaturalmonopolyandcompetition,soastoimp,by"breakingdownthemonopoly",weactuallymeantobreakdownadministrativemonopoly,,establishingmorethanoheredoesnotexistnaturalmonopoly,andmoreover,pletheoreticalortechnicalmatter,andnaturalmol,whatwastakenasthefieldofnaturalmonopolybefo,thereplacementoftraditionalcopperphonelinesbyopticalfiberlinesoffersate,throughoperatingconcessionsauction,althoughaprojectofnaturalmonopolyisundertakenbyonlyoneenterprise,itsaccesswasgainedbymeansofcompetition,andtherearepotentialcompetitorsjustoutsidethe"entrance",whichrenderstheproject"competitive".Rationallydefiningtheboundarybetweennaturalmonopolyandcompetitivenessisjustonenecessarystep,andwhetherornotasmoothtransitionor"seamlessjoint"betweenthetwocanbesecuredi"interface"isandhowtomaketheconnection,forexample,betweenroadnetfacilitiesandpassenger/freighttrainoperationsintherailwayindustry;betweenpowergeneration,distributionandtransmissionintheelectricpowerindustry;betweentelecommunication,cabletelevisionnetworkandoperationbusiness;andingeneral,,whenmakingthechoiceweshouldgiveacomprehensiveconsiderationtosuchfactorsasspecializationofasset,transactionfrequencyanduncertainty,andmakearr,intherailwayindustry,withregardtocertainroadnetfacilities,operatorswhofrequentlyusethemandthosewhoonlyusethematlongintervalshaveverydifferentgovernancestructuresbetweenthemselvesandtheroadnetoperators,theformerneedtoformaverticalintegratedstructure,whilethelatteronlyneedtosignatemporaryagreement.ZhouHongchun,,2005Chinaisnowfacingatightsupplyofwater,arableland,petroleum,ironoresandtimber;theprospectsfor,wemustpaymoreattentiontothesecurityinthesupplyofnaturalresources,’scurrentresourcesupplysituationandmid-andlong-termsupplyanddemandbalance,thisarticlepropoentWaterresourceshavebecomethemostimportantfactorthathamperstheeconomicdevelopmentandtheimprovementofthepeople’,morethan400areshortofwater,,the100millionmuofgood-qualityfarmlandhasbeenturnedtolandforconstruction,ofwhich,1ngareas,80%isfarmlandwhile70%ofthefarmlandisarableland,andtwo-thi,57%,Tianjin,Shanghai,Zhejiang,FujianandGuangdong,,lowerthantheworld’,electricity,oilandtransportationhaveallbeeninshortsupply,affectingthepeople’:China’slimitedresourcescannotbackuptheextensivemodeofeconomicgrowth;weshouldstressfrugalityandquickenthroblemChina’sresourceconsumptionforperunitGDPismuchhigherthanthatofthedevelopedcountries,,processing,,theresourceproductivityofChinain2003wasonlyone-tenthoftheUnitedStates,’spercapitawaterresourceownershipisaboutone-fourthoftheworld’saverage,,thecountry’,abouthalfoftheinternationaladvancedlevel;waterconsumptionper10,000outputvalueis100cubicmeters,%esndustrialstructureintheabovecomparisons,wecannotignoreth,andthenewlyaddeddemandismetmainlybyimportsInrecentyears,thegrowthofthecountry’sdiscoveredreserveofmainmineralsisverymuchbehindthegrowthofmineralextraction,"old",,thedemandforpetroleum,ironandsteel,copperandaluminumisincreasingintheformofexponentialcurve(SeeChart1).Squeezedbytherapidconsumptiongrowthandlowerguaranteedegree,,about50%oftheironoreandaluminum,60%ofcopper,34%ftimber,whichaccountedfor44%oleumandplastics.、DVORZhangJunkuoZhaoHuaiyongTheestablishmentandimprovementofsocialcreditsystemisaprerequisiteforimprovingthesocialistmarketeconomicsystem,tem,thegovernmenthasanimportantroletoplay,thatis,totimelyenactvarrelatingtocredittransactions:theissuanceofcredit;themanagementandcontrolofcreditrisks;thedisclosureandserviceofcreditinformation;orkandservicesystemrelatingtotheabovethreekindsofactivities,thatis,,theestablishmentandimprovementofthecreditinformationdisclosureandservicesyste’scurrentpracticalsituation,thecreditinformationdisclosureandservicesystemarethemostlaggingbehindandlacking,,itisrecommendedthattheestablishmentoflegalframeworkrelatingtocreditinformationdisclosureandserviceaeactivitiesmainlyinvolveslawsandregulationsinthreeaspects:lawsandregulationspromotingthedisclosureofcreditinformation;lawsandregulationsrelatingtotheprotectionofcreditinformation;andlawsandregulDisclosureTomakecreditinformationpublicaccordingtolawandtoreasonablygatherandtoutilizesuchinformationfairly,informationreflectingthemainmarketcreditsituationmainlycomesfromthefollowingthreeplayers:thegovernment;theothertransactionparties;,andthereforethegovernmentdepartmentsasindustrialandcommerceadministration,customs,taxation,publicsecurityandjudicialdepartmentsisanimportantsourceandcomponentofcreditinformation,anditisofcriticalimportancefortheconstruction,creditinformationpossessedbythegovernmen,thebasiclegislativeprincipleshouldbe:Makingpublicgovernmentinformationisageneralprinciple,anditisanexceptionifsuchinformationisnotmadepublic;an,,consideringthefactthatenactmentoftheGovernmentInformationDisclosureLawinvolvesmanydepartmentsandneedtoproperlyhandlecomplicatedrelationships,itisadvisabletoenactlegislationonthedisclosureofenterpriseandpersonalcreditinformationpossessedbythegovernmentorganizations,toenacttheRegulationsontheDisclosureofGovernmentCreditInformationasanexperiment,andthenena,informationofenterprisesandprivateindividualsandinformationaboutbusinesspartnersgatheredduringbusinessactivitiesallfallintothecategoryof"privateproperty",,therearefewspeciallawsmandatingthatenterprisesandindividualsmustmakepublictheirowninfor’ssituation,creditinformationaboutindustrialandcommercialenterprisesandindividualsintheirbusinessactivitiesandoccupyanextremelyimportantpositionintheconstructionofsocialcreditsystem,thereisaneedtoformulatespecialrulesandregulationsgoverningfinanChina’spracticalconditions,thefollowingthreeprinciplesshouldbereflectedandobservedinestablishingthemechanismbywhichthefinancialinstitutionsmakepublictheclients’information:theprincipleofvoluntariness;theprinciplecombiningtheprotectionofcustomers’rightsandinterestsandthepunishmentforcreditbreach;formationprotectionandguaranteeofinformationflowcontradictwitheachother,andlawsmu,atthetimeofenactinglawspromotingthedisclosureofinformation,relevantlawsrelatingtoinformationprotectionmustalsobeenactedandimprovedsoastoensurethatprivacy,,,toaddclausesonprivacyprotectionintheGeneralPrinciplesofCivilLaw;Second,toenactthePrivacyLawtoexpresslydefinethescopeofprivacyandlegalliabilitiesforinfringinguponprivacy;Third,toclearlystipulateintheGovernmentInformationDisclosureLawthatthedisclosureofgovernmentinformationshouldnotincludeprivacy;andFourth,toaddrelevantclausesoninfringementuponcitizens’,thelegalframeworkontheprotectionofcommercialsecretsshouldfollowtwoprinciples:first,tostrengthentheprotectionofbusinesssecretsofenterprisesthroughlegislation,andsecond,toregulatetherelationshipbetweentheprotectionofcommercialsecretsandinformationdisclosure,thatis,atthetimeofeffectivelyprotectingcommercialsecretsofenterprises,realizereasonabledisclosureofenterprises’,thefirstthingistoenact,assoonaspossible,theLawontheProtectionofCommercialSecretstoexpresslydefinethescopeofcommercialsecretsandthelegalliabilitiesforinfringingcommercialsecrets,thesecondthingistoexpresslystipulateintheGovernmentInformationDisclosureLawthatthedisclosureofgohemanagementneeds,China’sexistinglawsandregulationsontheprotectionofStatesecretshaveanoutstandingproblem,thatis,,ontheonehand,unhelpfultotheeffectiveprotectionofStatesecrets,andontheotherhand,fsecretsis,inessence,,itisanurgenttasktosortoutandmodifythe"RulesontheScopeofSecrecy"madebyvariousdepartmentssoastobettersuittheneedsfordevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.’,comparedwiththeworld’sadvancedlevel,Chinastilllagsbehindinthefieldofindustrialstructure,coretechnology,managerialskill,,ChinashouldadoptvariousmeasurestoencouragetechnicalrenovationandtoincreasetheproportionofproductswithChina’sownintellectualpropertyrights,thusrealizingthetransitionfromalargeelectronicandinftionalmarket,China’scomprehensivecompetitivenessmaybeenhancedasawhole,’sentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO),importan,thereisnotatradeassociationthatrealetitionamongChineseenterprisesonbothdomesticandinternationalmarketsandcausedtradedisputes,,tradeassociation,asa"thirddepartment"besidesgovernmentandenterprises,hasactedasabridgebetweenthegovernmentandenterprisesandmarket,andalsoasasocialorganizationthatpromotesself-discipline,’sreformofmarketeconomicsystemdeepens,itisnecessaryforChinatoestablisharealmarketizedtradeassociationassoonaspossibleinordertoensurethesustained,’smajorelectronicandinformationproductsmanufacturerskeepmovingtheirproductionbasestoChina,’factoriesinChina,localChineseenterpriseslaalChineseenterprises,andthekeyistofindeffectivewaystocombinelocalizationwithglobalresourceallocationandtoseeknewdevelopmesearchfoundationChinahasatop-rankingbiotechnologyresearchforceandBeijing,Shanghai,Tianjin,ChangchunandShenzhen,,inBeijingthereare"fouracademiesandfouruniversities"(ChineseAcademyofSciences,ChineseAcademyofMedicalSciences,AcademyofMilitaryMedicalSciences,ChinaAcademyofTraditionalMedicineScience,PekingUniversity,TsinghuaUniversity,BeijingUniversityofChineseMedicine,ChinaAgriculturalUniversity)and16nationalkeylaboratoriesinthelifesciencedomainwhichaccountfor41%ofthetotallifesciencedomain;andover1/3ofannualoutlayofnationalkeyprojectssuchasthe"863",morethan320thousandpeoplehavebeensenttostudyabroad,60%,57%ofthethesescarriedintheworld-famousmedicinemagazinessuchasBiochemistry,CellandScience,etcorenteredclinicalstageorareintheearlystageoffullp,biotechnologyhasbeenwidelyappliedtosuchfieldsasagriculture,foodindustry,pharmacy,sanitation,chemicalindustry,environmentalprotection,energysourcesandoceandevelopment,nfood,health,resource,environment,gricultureanditalsohascomparativelygooddevelopmentprospectsinsomeenterprisessuchasthebiochemicalindustry,biologicalenvironmentalprotectionandbiologicalenergy,theirscientificresearchcenterstoChinaandalotofstudentsabroadcomingbacktothemotherlandtostartbusinesses,thenumberofbio-technologyfirmshasincreasedrapidlyinrecentyears.InBeijing,biologicalengineeringandt,Beijingbiologicalengineeringandnew,%,sCo.,Ltd,ChinaBiowayBiotechGroupCo.,,,morethan60companiesundertakebiologicalpharmacy,diagnosticproducts,biochemicalmedicine,stemcellresearchandproductionandmostofthecompani,,TianjinbiotechnologyindustryrealizedsalesincomeofRMB11billionYuan,%,,ofwhichthereare36biologicalenterprises,23tradiationtrendCurrentlyvariousbiomedicinepaomedicineenterprisesandattractedalotofstudentsabroadtocomebacktoChinatostarttheircareer,andtheyhaveplayedaveryimportantroleinacceleratingthetransformationofbio-technologyresearchresults.InBeijing,atripodpatterniscomingintobeing,withZhongguancunLifeScienceParkasaninnovationresearchbaseandwithBeijingEconomicTechnologicalDevelopmentDevelopmentAreaandBeijngBioengineeringPharmacyIndustryBase(DaxingIndustryDevelopmentZone)asindustrializationbases;aprimaryparkinnovationsystemhascomeintobeing,with"biginstitutesandbiguniversities"asitsbackgroundandwithlifeinstitute,,withdomesticorforeignfamousenterprisesasitsmainbody,fdomesticandforeig,;NovoNordiskBiologicalTechnologyCo.,Ltd.,NovozymesBiologicalTechnologyCo.,,DPC(China),anacademicianandthe"Fatherofcrossbredrice",hascooperatedwithTianjinandfoundednationalcrossbredricetechnologycenter,anycharacteristicenterprisessuchasChangShengBiotechnologyCorporation,GenSciPharmaceuticalCo.,Ltd.,ChangShengGenePharmaceuticalCo.,Ltd,YataiPharmacyCo.,Ltd.,ChangchunHaiwangPharmaceuticalCo.,Ltd,ChangchunSanjiupharmaceuticalCo.,Ltd,,ChangchunBotaipharmaceuticalCo.,Ltd.,GeneticEngineeringCorporationofNortheastNormalUniversity,withChuangchunBiologicalProductsInstituteasitsbackbone.Hi-techenterprisesinShenzhenmainlyconcentrateinthehi-techarea,wheresomeindustriessuchasthebiologicalengineeringincubationbase,aceuticalorrelatedcompaniesandbackboneenterprisesplayaboostingrolethere....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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